Fairies, Fairy Tales, Fairy Books

Fairies and Fairy Tales

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Siberia, Mongolia and Pre-Buddhist Tibet
A List of fairies and creatures of the fairy type for writers, artists and those intersted in folk religions. 

Read In Depth Articles to Gain a Better Understanding of Fairy Creatures

Abaasy or Abaahy (Yakuts)
One eyed, one armed, one legged evil spirits which come from the lower level of the universe (reffered to as the underworld or the kingdom of darkness). They which ride on two headed, two legged, two tailed dragons. The Abaahy are at times the dead of the long time deceased who dwelled near graves and deserted places. They would travel around causing destruction. They served Arson Doulai the ruler of the dead who would swall peoples souls and gives the living diseases. They could be appeased by blood sacrifices. 

Agnuuriin ongon (Mongolia)
An Ongon which helps with hunting. (See Ongon)

Ai Toyon (Yakut)
The god of light which is usually depicted as an eagle perched atop the world tree.

Ajarai Buhe (Mongolia)
The spirit of the Lena River. Shamans and people would make offerings to her and envoke her for blessings and protection.

Ak D'aiyk (Altaian)
A shamans rotective spirit refered to as my golden edged, was a celestial goddess sent to earth to by ul'gen to protect mankind. (See Altaian Protector Spirits)

Albys (Tuvan)
Spirits which fly with a rustling sound. They go forth and act as spies for the shamans in the other worlds. In this way they are often used to find out which spirits have caused a person to become sick.

Altai Aab (Mongolia)
A powerful Gazrinn Ezen of a mountain in the Altai region. Shamans always pay their respects to him first when they travel to this region.

Al Lukh Mas (Yakut)
Are the spirits of large trees. Such spirits of the forests were very important and were given coins, scarves and ribbons in order to bring luck and avoid their wrath.

Altain Protector Spirits (Altain)
A spirit which the shaman called on for help and which would give the shaman information on what was happening, such as why someone was sick. They would also give the shaman advice advice on how to deal with another spirit. Further they would protect the shaman from danger and when the shaman sent his soul traveling to give the sacrifice to Erlik the shamans spirit was helped by his helper spirits as well as his ancestor spirits.

Altain tutelary spirit (Altaian)
Each family had a spirit which helped to protect them and before beginning a ritual to cure a persons illness the shaman would ask ths spirit for help. To do this wine would be sprinkled on the image of the spirit and prayers said.

Anda Bars (Buryat)
The tiger whose spirit is prayed to for good hunting.

Arinkolduk (Even)
Evil spirit of the lower world which cuases illness and misfortune such as an unsuccessful hunt 

Arsan Duolai (Yakut)
God of the underworld, his servents are tasked with the collection of cattle and horses for sacrifices

Arzhaan (Tuvan)
The spirit of water which gets angry if it is defiled. Arzhaan are also used to purify things, and aid in the banishment of evil spirits.

Ayysyt (Yakut)
Goddess of fertility who provides each new born child with a soul. She was believed to live on a mountain top in a house with seven stories from which she controlled the fate of the world. 

Aza (Thvinian)
A spirit with a forked tongue who is quick witted. Shamans would ask them to not disturbe sleeping children or frighten livestock.

Bai baiania (Yukat)
God of the forest and happiness.

Bai Karshyt (Altaian)
Protective spirit refered to as Three stepped. He was the son of th Ul'gen. (See Altaian Protector Spirits)

Barisaa (Mongolia)
A powerful prayer tree brings peace and reduces violence by calming people and giving them peaceful thoughts. The Barisaa could also give people insperation. Barisaa come into being when shamans perform the ariulga, a ritual to cleans the tree and people of evil spirits.

Bayan Ahaa or Bayan Hangai (Mongolia)
A spirit who rules over the forest, and so is the one hunters often pray to for success. Their figures are often carved into the sides of trees, snowmen are build or from a stick with a human face carved onto it. People are careful not to throw things into the woods as this might insult the Bayan Ahaa and cause him to curse the person.

Bayanai (Yakut)
Lord of the forest who has to be appeased in order to hunt.

Bear, Bull and Fish Spirits (Yakut)
When the shaman's figures of sprinkled with reindeer blood these spirits would become animated and transform into the shaman's helper spirits. These would than go into the underworld at the command of the shaman. They would than help him catch the evil spirit responsible for a persons illness.

Bokhsuruiuu (Yakut)
Evil illness causing spirits with slender waist and jagged fangs. They made people ill in order to eat, believing that it was their right to make humans sick as they were descended from the child of a noble being. They were often females daughters of Ilbis. But the shaman could negotiate with them and convince them to leave if an offering was made (often the offering had to be provided at sunset and could  include a sacrifice. Such negotiation was actually an negotiation with each side barginning what the prices should be). At times the shaman would get the Bokhsuruiuu to return a persons soul through trickery.

Buk (Tuvan)
Evil spirits which cause people to grow ill. Shamans and their helper spirits would have to chase from those whom they made ill. But buk could be stubern and it might be difficult to ge thtem to stay away.

Bura Khan (Altaian)
Protective spirit refered to as 'Cloudy eyed.' (See Altain Protective Spirits)

Burhan (Buryat)
A female spirit of a lake to whom people make offerings in return for protection against dangers while fishing. 

Burkhan (Mongolia)
A powerufl spirit which most shamans can't control but they can be negotiated with in order to leave people alone when they cause illness.

Chavag Bazhy (Thvinian)
The name of one of the shaman's helper spirits. Shamans helpers were the 'grim owners of the forest' they were protectors of the shaman when he battled evil spirits.

Chotgor (Mongolia)
Spirits which cause illness, some of them are the spirits of the dead who could not find their way into the underworld.

Chuiuk (Altaian)
Appearing a similar to a falcan or a gray eagle. He was the protector of a particular shaman as the head of the shamans ancestors. 

Diaiuch (Altaian)
Owner spirit of a shamans drum which aids him when he send his spirit to the underworld to convince Erlik to stop making a person sick, or in other similar ways.

Eeren (Tuvan)
Helper spirits who were summoned in sťance which was usually held at the beginning of night and before daybreak. They were sent out to search for the causes of illness, and were used to aid the shaman in fighting evil spirits.

Eeren Badger (Tuvan)
Reffered to as 'the bald' One of the helper spirits used by the shaman to search for the causes of illness

Eeren Bear (Tuvan)
Refered to as 'the hornless. One of the helper spirits used by the shaman to search for the causes of illness.

Eeren Moosa (Tuvan)
A shamans helper spirit which in one case at least takes the form of a wolf

Eeren Moth (Tuvan)
One of the helper spirits used by the shaman to search for the causes of illness. In one of the recorded seances the moth was sent to the place the soul was to help the shaman negotiat with the evil spirits for the return of the soul.

Eeren Raven (Tuvan)
The first spirit consultated by a shaman whose ritual was recorded. Ravens were a death portent, it's cry near a sick person meant the person would die soon. This was because the Raven was so well intune with the spirit world. Shamans would often ask ravens for help, to protect themselves and others from death. In one case the shaman speaks of his raven eeren as flying swiftly, with inscriptions and oraments on their wings and tails. They help search for causes of illness and trouble for the shaman.

Endur (Mongolia)
Spirits of the sky. These are the strongest of all the spirits. 

Erlik (Altaian)
The ruler of the evil spirits to whom the people would make an offering when there was sickness in hopes that he would have his spirits lift the illness. To appease him they would sacrifice an animal, often a horse. The Shaman's soul would than travel into the underworld with the help of his Spirit Protectors to give the gift to Erlik.

Eternal Snows (Thvinian)
During the ritual to cure illness the shaman would greet major spirits and ask them for aid. This is one of those spirits. 

Evil spirits (Kumandin)
Were appeased through animal sacrifice and sprinkling with a form of beer in order to get the iurgen-chula (soul) of a person back. They would offer seven or nine cups of beer to Erlik in order to get a soul back.

Evil Spirits (Yakuts)
Dangerous spirits of illness might hide in the dirt so yurts are swept clean before such spirits are cast out of a sick person. They were addressed as the eight legged tribe of evil spirits. When casting them out of a person the shaman would warn them what was happeing and ask them not to be angry about it.

Fire (Tuvan)
A highly venerated spirit which could bring fortune and luck to a family, he brought happiness and saftey to children, and kept live stock growing. Each hearth had a different animal devoted to it, and spirit of the fire of that hearth was often described in that way. Though they were normally helpful fire spirits could also make people ill if they offended him.

Fire (Khakass)
The shaman started his ritual by making an offering of araka to the fire which would bring this offering to the spirit of the sky. 

Gants Mod (Mongolia)
A powerful tree which stands alone.

Gazriin Ezen (Mongolia)
Spirits of a place including mountains, water, rocks, villages, buildings, nations, trees, etc. Many of them were once the souls of humans who went to reside in nature on the persons death. For many of these it has been so long since they were human they don't remmember having ever been so.  Piles of rocks and sticks called oboo or ovoo are set up, those travleing through the Gazriin Ezen's territory would pay their respects by adding another rock to this pile. At times they would even make an offering of milk products, alchohal, or other items.

Gazriin Ezen Mountain (Mongolia)
Powerful spirits to whom special ceremonies are often held. The mountain spirit may send wolves to get horses or other herd animals or may take the form of wolves as people say that the mountain spirit has taken an animal when a wolf gets it.

Genghis Khan (Mongolia)
An ancestral spirit for Mongolia who protects the nation and marriage.

Golomt Eej (Mongolia)
The spirit of the fire who was believed to be the daughter of the Father of Heaven. 

High Mountain (Tuvan)
Source of water asked to help heal people, protect villages, and more.

Horse - Sacred (Tuvan)
The spirit of a horse which could make people ill. In order to pacify it the shaman would decorate a horse in red ribbons, burn juniper incense, and wash it with arzhaan (holy water) They would ask the horse to no longer be angery with his master and to guard the family. Horses are powerful spirits which cancause cause their owner to grow ill by biting their bridle.
Still despite their ability to cause illness horse spirits are typically good, their spirits transport shamans through the various spirit worlds, allowing them to cure the sick.

Ibd irailduk (Even)
Evil spirit of the lower world which causes illness and misfortune such as an unsuccessful hunt
To defeat spirits of illness the shaman would often split them into two parts and place them inside carvings of birds which would fly them up to heaven so they couldn't return.

Ichchi (Yakut)
The spirit of living beings including rivers, rocks, lakes, trees, natural forces, and even objects created by humans.

Inken (Even)
The spirit of thunder and lightning which was asked by the shaman to take argi from a person (Argi are disease causing spirits).

Iuer (Yakut)
Spirits of a location 

Kadyr Os (Thvinian)
A spirit refered to as 'at the mouth of.' Shamans helpers were the 'grim owners of the forest' they were protectors of the shaman when he battled evil spirits

Kara Kara (Altaian)
Protective spirit refered to as three horned was the owner of the territory of the clan ochy.

Kas (Altaian)
Geese belonging to Utkuchi on which the shamans spirit returns to earth when he sends his spirit into the heavens.

Keeleeni (Yakut)
A spirit which renders assistance to the shaman and might posses him in order to ask questions of the shamans audience. Usually summoned after the ritual of purification. They had a tail and would catch bad spirits and escort them away from the ritual place. 

Ker Buura (Altaian)
Protective spirit refered to as being 'of the milky lake.'

Khan Deer (Tuvan)
A mountain range to which the shaman would appeal to for success in a hunt by sprinkling holy water and offering blue ribbon. They would also ask that those who did not appeal to the mountain range not be able to steal from it. In legend hunters killed so many animals in this mountain range that their blood became a river.

Khoor Albys (Thvinian)
Spirit of the Taiga covered mountans which were invoked during shaman rituals. They would be summuned to come and play on on the shaman. They would be asked to blow in from everywhere and soar with the whirlwind. 

Kidaii Masquin (Yakut)
A fire spirit who was the first blacksmith and the inventor of iron. He lives in an iron house surrounded by flames. He is also a healer spirit which cures broken bones and tempers the souls of shamans. 

Kud'ai deer (Even)
Protective spirits of reindeer with divine marks such as those who were white or piebald and only those with a ball of hair on their necks. This ball could bring luck to those who cut it off and formed it into a small rope. If someone is sick or hurt the shaman brings the Kud'ai to help heal the person. 
Should a kud'ai die people wouldn't touch it. Shamans might also transfer illness to the kudai.
Reindeer were a gift from the Hovki, the god of the sun and so are animals fo the heavens.

Kut (Yukat)
The soul of a person which might be taken by an evil spirit making the person ill. The kut was often imagined to be a bird and was asked to flutter and fly back to the person who was sick.

Kuzungu (Tuvan)
One shaman's main helper spirit which dwells within a copper mirror. 

Loon (Mongolia)
A spirit of water and sky, they are believed to be a mediator between worlds (the spirits of the water and heavens). For this reason shamans will often immitate the sounds of the loon during a sťance.

Ongon (Mongolia)
A Shamans helper spirits. In some cases they were believed to be the spirit of shamans who have died, they can be consecrated in idols within three years of the shamans death and placed in the home or in the wilderness. They are oten placed at the borders between taiga and steppe, the mouths of rivers or other important places. Suld ancestral spirits which remain on earth 

Ongon Mod or Ezetei (Mongolia)
Trees which stand in special places such as mountain passes, near springs, and so forth.

Otsoor (Mongolia)
Suld spirits which remain on earth

Sharash Taiga (Thvinian)
A protective spirit which is reffered to as 'twin headed with many snow covered caps.' Shamans helpers were the 'grim owners of the forest' they were protectors of the shaman when he battled evil spirits

Shulmusy (Altaian)
Protective spirit refered to as 'My moon and sun.'

Small Pox (Even)
Beautiful woman with red hair who would sneak onto peoples sledges and travel with their caravan. Most people could not see her outside of the shamans. When the shaman would try to fight her she would take the form of a giant red bull. If small pox defeated the shaman they would infect and kill the shaman's people.  Because the causer of small pox was such a powerful spirit shamans often ganged up on them when they could.

Spirit of the Yurt (Khakass)
The second offering in a ritual would be made to the spirit owner of the yurt ]. During rituals these spirits are put up in a high table which is placed in the front corner of a yurt. Mutton and curds and bottles of liquide are placed on the table so that their scent can rise up as an offering for the spirit. In addition nine pieces of clothing were offered on a rope. Further a decorated horse was given to it as a living offering. They would protect the village, help to cure illness

Suld or Usen Fayenga (Mongolia)
An Ancestral spirit which remains on earth forever. This spirit may protect their descendants or contact them to give them advice. Such spirits live within natural places such as trees, springs, rocks, etc.

Tai Burra (Altaian)
Protective spirit refered to as cloudy eyes. (See Altaian Protective Spirits)

Taiga (Tuvan)
The northern forest which the shaman would ask to help heal someone.

Taimens (Thvinian)
A shaman helper spirit refered to as 'Wide mouthed Taimens.' Shamans helpers were the 'grim owners of the forest' they were protectors of the shaman when he battled evil spirits

Tengeriin us (Mongolia)
Things which have been struck by lightning or meteorites which are believed to carry the power of the sky. In many ways one could immagine these as being like shamans of the natureal world.

Testar (Khakass)
Shaman's spirit helpers who aided him in his spirit journy.

Tongazy Testimonies (Kyzyl)
Disease causing spirits which the shamans had to deal with.

Ukulan Tojon (Yakut)
The chief water spirit.

Ul'gen
Clan tutelary spirits which would help with the harvest, protect peoples health, increase livestock, and aid in hhunting. People would sacrifice light colored horses to the Ul'gen. This horse could not be used for any kind of work, nor ever touched by a woman. 

Usan Khan or Uha Loson (Mongolia)
This spirit is the lord of the water.

Uspa (Tuvan)
Master of the lake who might curse those who defile water and is so powerful they are able to block the shamans eeren (helper spritis) from preventing his will. Thus to cure those he had made ill by Uspa offerings had to be made.

Utha (Mongolia)
A shaman's ancestor spirit which becomes an extra soul when they become a shaman.

Utkuchi (Altaian)
A messanger for Ul'gen who meets the shaman at the golden stake which blocks the shamans path to the highest levels of the upper world. 

Uzut (Tuleut)
beings which hurt people, causing them to become ill. They might also possess objects such as kettles. 

White Lakes (Thvinian)
(Greetings)
Shamans helpers were the 'grim owners of the forest' they were protectors of the shaman when he battled evil spirits

Xaya Iccita (Yakut)
Spirit god of the mountains

Yekyua (Yakut)
Each yekyua is associated with a particular animal with the type of animal determining the strength of the yekyua. The Yekyua would act as familiar spsirts to protect the yakut shaman. Among the Yekyua dogs had very little power while elk are very powerful. Further some yekyua come with greater costs, such that the dog yekyua will gnaw away at the shaman and destroy his body, causing him to become ill. Most yekyua protect the shaman, however. Only shamans can see the yekyua. At times the shaman will put their own soul into their yekyua, which makes the shaman vulnerable as they will die if the yekyua dies. This allows the shaman to travel through the other worlds more easily, however.
Each spring the yekyua emerge as the snow melsts and begin to fight which in turn causes the shaman to feel ill.

Yina'mna'ut (Yakut)
Female spirits of the fog and mist.

Ynia'mtilan (Yakut)
Male spirits of the fog and mist.

Yot Ichchite (Yakut)
Spirit of the hearth fire which were fed morsals of food. The bride would offer the Yot Ichchite of  her grooms family some food in order to honor it.













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Fairies, Fairy Tales, Fairy Books