Hyang (Indonesia) Spirits
which dwell in the land, especially in mountains, but which can also
dwell within stones, trees and other places. Such spirits are either
divine or ancestral, however they are not like deities of western
beleif. In the Sundanese , Javanese , and Balinese ancient, invisible
forces of nature and ancestral spirits is identified as "hyang". This
ancestral spirits inhabit high places, such as mountains and hills.
These places are sanctified and glorified as the soul of ancestors
bridge between the two worlds—between humans and jinn—is being broken,"
Mr. Yulianto said. "I can help the spirits accept what is happening."
Quote from a Shaman in the Wall Street Journal
Aghoy (Philippines) Appearing
as beautiful humans they are forest dwellers. They come out of the
forests at night to cause mild mischief such as moving things around or
occasionally taking food. They are friendly, however, and will guide
people to things which the person has lost. Further they will provide
humasn with plants with medical properties.
Aswang (Philippines) Shapeshifters
who are human-like by day but transform into different monstrous forms
to harass and eat humans at night, especially pregnant women. Some
common forms include a bat, a pig or a black dog. Some aswangs can
change form at will, others through the use of foul oils concocted by
evil magicians. Aswangs appear at night to prey upon unwary travellers
or sleeping people. It is said that they have a peculiar liking for
human livers and human fetus. They are said to find their quarry by the
scent of the mother, which to the aswang smells like ripe jackfruit.
Upon finding the house of the pregnant mother, the aswang alights on
the roof from where it stretches its tongue until it is as thin as a
thread and uses it to enter the womb and feast on the fetus.The myth of
the Aswang is popular in the Visayas, especially in provinces such as
Capiz, Antique, and Iloilo.
Bungisngis (Philippines) A
happy, laughing one eyed giant which lives in the forest. He has large
teeth which allways poke out through his upper lip. In addition he has
two large tusks coming out of the side of his mouth. He is very strong
but is prone to panic and is easily outwitted.
Caranget (Philippines) Small
humanoid beings which are found in small mounds in forests and fields.
They are helpful to shamans and will respond to them by making a
wistling sound. They are very protective nature spirits and will curse
those who harm their land.
Diwata (Philippines) Beautiful
and often benevolent nature spirits. Although there are numerous and
varied accounts as to what they should look like, a general trend may
be observed in that they are normally human in appearance—beautiful and
seemingly ageless at that—save for some distinct characteristics. This
may take the form of not having a philtrum or having continuously
smooth and supple skin that somehow resemble fingernails, without any
wrinkled parts as in the elbows and knees. They also tend to be fairer
than average, as pale skin has been associated with the supernatural
even during pre-colonial times (for example, the "white lady" belief is
prevalent in the East and Southeast Asian regions). The
Diwata can be called upon ritually for positive crop growth, health,
and fortune. However, like most such fairy creatures the Diwata also
caused illness or misfortune if not given proper respect. They are said
to reside in large trees, such as acacia and balete and are the
guardian spirits of nature, casting blessings or curses upon those who
bring benefits or harm to the forests and mountains. They have their
origin in the Hindu Devata, with the term Diwata originating from the
Indonesian Dewata. The
term "diwata" has taken on various levels of meanings it is sometimes
loosely used to refer to a generic type of beings much like "elf" or
"fairy," or very specific ones as mentioned above. It has been noted
that the term "diwata" is synonymous to "anito," and that the usage of
the word "diwata" is more prevalent in the Southern Philippines, while
"anito" takes its place in the Northern areas.
Duwende (Philippines) Tiny
creatures which can provide good fortune or bad. They live in a number
of places including houses, trees, or in termite like mounds. Though
most of peoples encounters with them obviously occur in the home and in
some ways they could be conssidered a form of house spirit. Whether
they are good or mischevious depends on the home owners treatment of
them. Thus people would leave food on the floor so that the duwende
would not be angry with them. As a joke they might take and hide
peoples things but will usually return them if asked politely.
Ekek (Philippines) Old
looking huminoid bird like creatures with bills who haunt the nights
searching for victims. They search for sleeping pregnant woman. When
one is found they extend their long proboscis into the womb and drain
the baby of it's blood.
Enkanto (Philippines) The
male diwata which resides in the sea. It is customary for Filipino
fishermen to offer meat and other delicacies to the enkanto by throwing
them into the sea, after a day's bountiful catch.
Kapre (Philippines) Appearing
as a nearly eight foot tall hairy man who smokes a big ganja pipe and
wears a belt which allows them to become invisable to humans. The Kapre
can befriend people, though they often would play pranks on them,
typically by causing travelers to loose their way in the mountains or
forests. They could cause people to become confused even in familiar
surroundings. Thus people affected by the Kapre might forget that they
are in their own yard or fields. As
nature spirits they can cause the trees to rustle, smoke to rise from a
tree. They also cause abundant fireflies in forests (which come from
the sparks of their pipe). Often those tricked by the kapre will hear
laughter but see no source for it.
Kibann (Philippines) Beautiful
beings that are about the same size as a toddler, they have golden
teeth and long hair that reaches their backwards facing feet.They live
within trees and bushes. Even though it is a wilderness spirit it
cleans the area around its tree, sweeping constantly. They live in
clusters and love to sing. Though not out right evil they do often
steal food from people, especially yams. Though it gives magical gifts
to humans who befriend it.
Lampong (Philippines) A
bearded white deer, most often seen with one bright eye which wears a
tall black hat. It is a protector of the other animals of the forest
and will try to lure hunters to shoot at it rather than the other
animals. If it gets shot it turns into a powerful dwarf like creature
and attacks the hunter.
Laman Lupa Little
people who live in the earth. They consider themselves the true owners
of the land and so demand offerings from people before people plant or
havest. Such offerings include the blood of a red rooster. If this
isn't done it will cause a blight on peoples crops.
Mahomanay (Philippines) Beautiful
forest spirits who protect animals and will give good luck to people
who leave them offerings at the base of their trees.
Magtitima (Philippines) Tree spirits who will curse mortals who hurt the trees.
Mambabarang (Philippines) A
witch who sends spirits to possess people they don't like. The
mambabarangs aren't a creature so much as they are ordinary people who
have learned black magic. They will often torture and kill civtims by
sending insects to infest their bodies. To do this they steal a strand
of hair from their chosen victim and tie it to the bugs or worms whch
they use much like a voodoo doll would be used.
Manananggl (Philippines) A
flying monster which hunts for babies and fetuses which it uses it's
long tongue to snatch from houses. The name Manananggl can also be a
witch who sends her upper torso out hunting at night. This torso is
able to fly. As with the other manananggal she uses a long tongue to
suck babies and fetuses out of woman. However she is a beautiful
creature who will seduce men in order to lure them away so that she may
devour them as well. She tends to eat the heart, liver, and stomach,
rather than the meet. Sunlight is very dangerous to her so if she can't
find the lower half of her body by dawn she will die. Salt, ash and
garlic can be placed on this lower half to prevent her from combinding
Nuno Sa Punso (Philippines) Appearing
as a very tiny old man with a long beard. They live in anthills and
terminte mounds or under large rocks, trees, riverbanks, caves or even
peoples backyards. They are easily angered and will do harm to those
who disturb the places in which they live. They have the ability to
curse people causing them to swell up. They
can cause many types of illness, and medicine is unable to cure that
which they do. Thus only an albularyo can cure the curses of the Nuno.
Other times the victim's family would provide offerings of fruit,
drings and other food or objects in order to get the nuno to forgive
this doesn't work people might kill the nuno by crushing its head
between ones fingers. In order to do this a fat woman would lay near
their home at night. Having some strange affinity for large bodied
mammals of the opposite sex the nuno would be lured out by this.
Sarimanok (Philippines) A magical bird which if captured will bring a person luck.
Siyokoy (Philippines) Green
scaled humanoids with webbed hands and feed, with fins all over their
body. They might also have tentacles with which they drown people and
Tahamaling (Philippines) Red
colored female spirits who live within trees and protect the animals
and plants of the forest. For those who pay them respect and give them
offerings they bring luck. For those who anger them they can cause
great trouble indeed.
Tikbalang (Philippines) A
humanoid creature with a horses head and feet, but the body and hands
of a human. They would rape human woman who would give birth to more
tikbalang. They also used their powers of illusion to make people see
things that aren't real or to loose their way. They loved to use these
powers in order to drive a person insane. When the rain falls while the
sun is shining a pair of Tikbalangs are getting married.
Bajang (Malaysia) A
familiar spirit which is acuired by a male who says the proper
incantations of the newly buried body of a stillborn child. The Bajang
will than possess people whom it's master chooses causing convulsions,
unconsiousness or delerium. In order to protect children from this
sharm metal objects would be placed near the babies.In exchange for
services the bajang's master will often feed it eggs and milk. Should
the bajang's master not treat it well it would turn on him.
Bunian (Malasyia) Fairy
like spirits which live in large communities that resemble those of
humans. They tend to live in the jungle, away from human contact.
though they do sometimes live in humans homes. They can be
troublessome, causing people to get lost or at times kidnap children
from humans. They
will at times build good relationships with humans, at times even
marrying them. Though those who go into their realm may only be their
for a few days but in the human realm decades have passed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orang_bunian
Hantu Air (Malaysia) Spirits
which live in large rivers or lakes which most often appear as a
floating log. They tend to be dangerous as they could drown people and
cause floods. To avoid this people give them offerings and honor them
at a ceremony.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hantu_Air
Hantu Bidai (Malaysian) A spirit which lives in water and will change its form in order to drown its victems.
Hantu Bukit (Malaysia) Spirits which roam the ills and tease the faint of heart.
Hantu Galah (Malasyia) A
very tall spirit, so tall that at times it can seep the clouds. They
live deep in the forest where only its legs are visable. They only come
out at night at which point they often snatch people up.
Hantu Keramat (Malaysia) The
spirit of a place which is usually associated with large rocks, large
trees, or the crossroads. They give good luck to those who provide them
with offerings such as eggs.
Hantu Kopek (Malaysia) A large breasted old spirit which will kidnap and hide children under her breats if they are out at dusk or late evening.
Hantu Kubur (Malaysia) A spirit which roams the grave yards and spreads disease among the living.
Harimau Jadian (Malaysia) People who are able to turn into tigers thorugh the assistance of spirits. Often this is is done for self defense.
Jembalang Tanah (Malaysia) Forest
spirits, they are said to grow directly from the forest itself. They
terroize those who damage their forest. Though they can be pacified if
provided with food or through chanting a mantra. For this reason people
would always make offerings and have ceremonies before cutting down
more of the jungle.
Jerangkung (Malaysia) A
spirit which obeys I;s master if it is properly cared for but which
begins to suck the blood of family members if it isn't cared for.
Jin Tanah (Malaysia) Spirits
of the land who act as protectors of a region. Those entering a new
land usually offered it eggs, grilled chicken, glutinous rice, and
similar dishes in order to avoid having it attack them.
Langsuir (Malaysia) The
ghost of a woman who died during the fourty days of uncleanness or
while givng birth to a stillborn child. The mothers grief in this
causes her spirit to come back as a beautiful woman dressed in
green, with long nails and ankle length hair. They can also take the
form of a long taloned owl. They tend to live off of fish and so haunt
the coast. They are jealous of pregnant woman and so will often attack
these. One can tame them by cutting her nails and stuffing he hair into
the hole at the back of her neck.
Pari Pari (Malaysia) A
forest spirit which appears like a human and which has a human like
society. Pari Pari have magical powers which they use to cause
mischief, heal illness or provide wealth to people.
Penanggalan (Malaysia) A
woman who could split their torso in half to send the top half flying
around. When they did this their blood would drip from the sky and
cause soars on anyone touched by it. The Penangglan will usually keep
vinegar in order to help put themselves back to gether. They tend to
suck the blood of woman in order to maintain their beauty, kill enemies
or do other similar sorts of things.
Phi (Thai) A general term for ghost.
Polong (Malaysia) Spirits which are enslaved by people, most often to harm others. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polong
Puaka (Malaysia) Spirits which roam around in bad weather and cause damage to human property.
Puntianak (Malaysia) The
spirit of woman who died will pregnant. They appeared as lonely
beautiful woman who would attack people on deserted streets in order to
Kuntilanak (Indonesia) Is
the ghost of a pregnat woman who died while giving birth. She appears
as a beautiful woman with long flowing hair, wearing a long white
shirt. They travel into villages to drain people of their blood. They
can be kept away from children by putting sharp pieces of metal near
where the baby sleeps. Further they can be killed by putting nails in a
hole in the back of their neck.
Kuyang (Indonesia) People who would detatch their heads form their bodies and send them flying out to drain the blood of babies.
Leyak (Indonesia) Witches
which during the day appear to be ordinary humans. At night however
they use postions to change their shape into tigers, monkies, pigs, or
other animals. They can also send their head flying out to suck the
blood of babies which are still in the womb.
Orang Bunian (Indonesia) Human like spirits which live in wilderness areas.
Pocong (Indonesia) A ghost with green faces and empty eyes.
Siluman (Indonesia) Delecate creatures that live in communities much like humans, only they are invisible to most humans.
Sundel Bolong (Indonesia) Is
a ghost of a beautiful woman who wears a long white dress which kidnap
children not protected by sharp objects placed near them.
Tuyul (Indonesia) A
tiny creature with a bald head which sound a bit like chickens (but
look like humans). They are used by people to steal money. They are the
spirits of still born children or fetuses which died.
Wewe (Indonesia) A
boogie man figure which kidnaps children. They appear as an old woman
with large wringled breasts which dangle down to the ground.
Pho Sop (Thai) The
Siamese Rice goddess who appears as a beautiful woman wearing a red
dress and full jewelry. She is always associated in some ways with rice
Nang Kwak (Thai) A
spirit which appears as as a beautiful woman who typically wears a red
dress. She is a household spirit, a bringer of luck who helps to bring
money to a household and or business.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nang_Kwak
San Phra Phum (Thai) Spirit
houses, they are tiny buildings which are placed on a small table
outside them on which offerings can be placed, such offerings include
garlands of flowers and or food. It was believed that building a
hosue or other building could desterb the spirits of an area so spirit
houses were built as well in order to placate the spirits. Spirits
are usually neither good or evil exactly, rather they are overly
emotional and or mischievious. Highly emotional they get upset if they
don't get their way or fi something changes to fast and they are not
Phra Bhum Jowthee of the home (Thai) The
gaurdian spirit of a household, people will often pray to them for
advice and protection. Furhter many homes provide them with a small San
Phra Phum. These spirits also help with business matters, aiding people
in making more money.
Phra Bhum Jowthee Waters (Thai)
Phra Bhum Jowthee Gardens (Thai) The protector of nature and by extention gardens. Many gardens will have a small San Phra Phum built for this spirit.
Phra Bhum Jowthee of Gates and Stairwells (Thai) The protector of the entrences of places, which is believed to live within the doorstep of homes.
Phra Bhum Jowthee Animals (Thai) A spirit protector of animals.
Phra Bhum Jowthee Temples (Thai)
Phra Bhum Jowthee Military Bases (Thai)
Phra Bhum Jowthee of barns and food storage (Thai) A gaurdian spirit of places where people store their food.
Phra Bhum Jowthee Mountains, Forests, fields, and rice paddies (Thai) Interstingly enough the protector of wilderness forests and mountains is also the protector of farms.
Kagkai (Thai) A blood sucking, one legged forest spirits which look like a monkey with a mouth like a fly.
Phi Am (Thai) A ghost which sits on sleeping peoples chest or liver.
Phi Chamb (Thai) The mostly harmless spirit of a woman who died in the jungle.
Phi Duat Leut (Thai) A vampiric spirit
Phi Ha (Thai) A dangerous spirit of a woman who died in child birth and has turned her regret into rage.
Phi Tay Hong (Thai) The
spirit of someone who died of unnatural causes. They possess those who
have offended them. This can be prevented with an offering or by
causing pain (often in the form of whipping) to the person they've
Phi Khamod (Thai) A will o the wisp type spirit which glows red.
Phi Krasue (Thai) A
spirit which often appears as a beautiful womans head with intestines
dnagling from her neck. They would often tie a black ribbon around
their head and nick to protect themselve into the sunshine. She would
hypnotize people so that they couldn't move, allowing them to devour
the person. They prefered to go after pregnant woman, the closer to
giving the birth the better.
Phi Nang Tani (Thai) A spirit of the banana tree which appears as a beautiful woman. They will provide people with food.
Phi Pa (Thai) A forest spirit to whom hunters leave part of their catch (Lip, eye lid, foot, or some other part).
Phi Tonmai (Thai) Spirits
which live in trees, such spirits could be helpful or dangerous. The
trees which were believed to be inhabited by important or powerful
spirits would have cloth wrapped around them to show that a spiritual
being resided within.
Phi Sia (Laos) Ancestral
spirits which live within the pilars of a house and protect the
households members, protecing their decendents from malevolent spirits
while also providing them with luck.
Phi Ban (Laos) Spirits of a village
Phi Fa (Laos) Spirits of the celestial world
Phi Hai (Laos) Spirits of fields
Phi Na (Laos) Protectors of the rice paddy.
Phi Pa (Laos) Forest spirits.
Phi Puta (Laos) The protectors of a village
Phi Thaen (Laos) spirits of the sky
Phi Thiaowada (Laos) Protectors of the family.
Phi Tonmai (Laos) The spirits of trees.
Phi Pay (Laos) Dangerous spirits of woman who died in childbirth.
Phi Na (Laos) Spirits
of the rice paddy which will often attack people. Becuause of this
farmers often set up shrines to them in order to make them
offerings before they plow the field, in order to appease them.
Phi Ban (Laos) Connected
to fertility and the well being of a community. They are the protectors
of the fields, forsts, water ways and so forth that make up an area.
Typically phi ban appear as a married couple and are likely the spirits
of the first couple to settle an area.